The fruit of the long pepper is aromatic, hot and stimulant.
It improves the digestion and has decongestant, antibiotic and analgesic effects
The fruit is used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is known as bi ba
It is taken internally in the treatment of stomach chills, vomiting, acid regurgitation, headache and rhinitis
In Ayurvedic medicine it is used to treat colds, asthma, bronchitis, arthritis, rheumatism, lumbago, sciatica, epilepsy, indigestion and wind
Externally, the fruit is used to treat toothache
A principal ingredient of various Ayurvedic tonic formulae, including Trikatu, Chyavanprash and amrit Kalash
The fruits are harvested unripe and dried for later use
The root is considered diuretic, stimulant and sudorific.